Occupational therapy incorporates the purposeful profession which enables the physically or mentally challenged people to enjoy their everyday lives. Occupational Therapy is the branch of science that deals with curing and rehabilitating the physically, emotionally and mentally disabled and challenged people. It focuses on adapting to the environment according to the patient, as well as teaching and educating them about the necessary skills needed in performing daily activities. This was also known as ‘Moral Treatment’ in the past.
A rise in occupational therapy started around 100 BC with a Greek physician named ‘Asclepiads. He treated the mentally impaired with the help of music, massage, exercise, and therapeutic bath. Since the onset of the 18th and 19th centuries, Occupational Therapy has been widely used in a number of countries as a measure of assessing and treating the mentally challenged, but the 20th century formally named it as ‘Occupational Therapy’.
A bachelor of Occupational Therapy, also known as BOT, is a bachelor’s degree programme in the field of medicine. The course has been structured to focus on practices of prevention and cure along with rehabilitation. It teaches the students to tackle the physical, emotional as well as mental problems of students and provide a universal cure for the problem or disease. In these programmes, students learn about means to cure patients by modifying the environment of the patient, educating them, and teaching them how to lead a regular life. Occupational Therapy also focuses on ergo-medicine to promote alternative medicine methods. BOT course has various specialisations to choose from such as Paediatrics, Hand Therapy Adult Rehabilitation, Vision Rehabilitation, Community Consultation, Assisted Living, etc.
BOT trains students to become skilled professional occupational therapists, capable of undertaking independent/supervised practice. Key skills drilled into students during the BOT course are- observation, clinical reasoning, treatment planning, and implementation of the same.